Thursday, September 2, 2010

The Men Who Killed John F. Kennedy

Ok, here it is. Finally, the long promised post naming the people who were directly responsible for the assassination of John F. Kennedy. This report is based on the science of history – the study of the written record of man. Written sources of the period of study are considered primary source evidence for the discipline. After 47 years, many confessions are extant and there is much evidence, but no source that I know of has all of them in a single place like this report does.

A complete study of the ballistic evidence proves that there were many shooters in as much as five locations, the Dal Tex Building, the Dallas Records Building, the Book Depository, and perhaps two spots on the Grassy Knoll.[1] An overview of the hit teams is given in the biography of the infamous gangster Sam “Mooney” Giancana written by his brother Chuck and his son named Sam after Mooney. “Chuck [Giancana] would later learn through the Outfit grapevine that Mooney solicited professional killers from several quarters. Killers, who guys said, were required to be ‘top-notch marksmen’: two of [New Orleans mob boss Carlos] Marcello’s men, Charles Harrelson and Jack Lawrence, as well as two of [Florida mob boss Santos] Trafficante’s Cuban exile ‘friends.’…From Chicago, Mooney brought in Richard Cain, Chuckie Nicoletti, and Milwaukee Phil [Alderisio]…Mooney said that both Cain and Nicoletti were actual gunmen for the hit being placed at opposite ends of the Dallas Book Depository.”[2] There was also another hit team supplied by Lyndon Johnson and headed by his long time “hatchet man,” Mac Wallace. This information comes from the work done by Glen Sample and Mark Collum in their study The Men on the Sixth Floor.

The killing blow came from behind the picket fence on top of the grassy knoll. We know this because of the Zapruder film, which shows the right side of Kennedy’s head being blown off from front to back. The fence on the knoll was to the right front of the motorcade. Much evidence of this was totally ignored by the two governmental investigations of the Kennedy Assassination, (the Warren Commission of 1964, and the House Select Committee on Assassinations of 1978). In addition to the Zapruder film, we have the Mary Morman photo of the gunman aiming over the fence,[3] pictures of smoke discharge from the rifle by the fence,[4] witnesses who saw men heading toward the fence with rifles before the shooting, and that most of the people in Dealey Plaza thought some shots came from there and many rushed toward the fence, including about twenty policemen.[5] The gunman was a mafia hit man who also worked for the CIA. He was a part of the shooting team that came from the Chicago mob. James Files aka James Sutton made a full and credible confession.[6] He described the killing shot.

“At that point when they started proceeding down Elm Street, shots started being fired from behind…I remember the shots ringing out and even though the President was being hit with the rounds, I was considering it a miss because I knew that we were going for a head shot on the President…I heard another shot that missed…When I got to the point where I thought it would be the last field of fire, I had zeroed in to the left side of the head…because if I wait any longer then Jacqueline Kennedy would have been in the line of fire and I had been instructed for nothing to happen to her and at that moment I figured this is my last chance for a shot and he had still not been hit in the head. So as I fired that round, Mr. Nicoletti and I fired approximately at the same time as the head started forward then it went backward. I would have to say that his shell struck approximately 1000th of a second ahead of mine maybe, but that’s what started pushing the head forward which cause me to miss from the left eye and I came in on the left side of the temple. At that point, through the scope, I witnessed everything, matter and skull being blown out to the back on the limousine and …saw Jackie Kennedy crawl out there to get it.”[7]

Both the government and the mafia have attempted to suppress this testimony.[8] The army has destroyed or withheld dental records that could prove his claim regarding a bullet shell with strange markings at the scene of the crime that was found buried in 1987 at a 1963 level near the fence where Files was standing on November 22, 1963. Without knowing about this evidence, Files confessed in 1994 to biting the bullet and placing it on the fence after he had shot Kennedy, foolishly leaving a symbol of his work. After this testimony, the bullet was examined by a forensic dentist who confirmed that the markings were teeth marks, but Files now wears dentures, thus the importance of his dental records.[9]

Files was the driver for the more notorious hit man, Charles Nicoletti. According to Files’ testimony, Nicoletti had the contract from Tony Accardo through Sam Giancana. Nicoletti was to be the primary shooter stationed in the Dal Tex Building with Files only serving as a back up on the Grassy Knoll. Accardo was the titular head of the Chicago “Outfit” at that time, but Sam “Mooney” Giancana was the real leader of the Chicago mob, in fact, the most powerful mobster in America. Files was totally aware that Mooney was working with the CIA, and he himself was working for and with the CIA through David Atlee Phillips. According to the plan, the job was not done until Kennedy had received a fatal headshot and it was to be from behind. Even though he was in front of Kennedy, Files shot because he was losing his field of fire and there had not yet been a headshot. Nicoletti fired a shot at approximately the same time and it reached Kennedy’s head just before Files’ bullet did. That is why in the Zapruder film, Kennedy’s head moves forward for a split second and then violently back.[10]

According to Files, the famous and flashy Mafioso Johnny Roselli, who did no shooting, assisted Nicoletti. Roselli was the mob liaison with the CIA. They were both let into a room in the Dal Tex Building by long time mobster Jim Braden aka Eugene Hale Brading.[11] Braden was detained by the police after the shooting, but let go quickly. Braden confessed to visiting before the assassination with the son of Texas oilman H. L. Hunt who hated Kennedy.[12] Bob Goodman did some investigative work that showed Hunt leased some offices in the Dal Tex building under the name of a front company called Dallas Uranium & Oil; this seems to explain how Braden was able to let Nicoletti and Roselli into a room in the Dal Tex Building.[13] As stated before, Files and Nicoletti were paid by and working for Sam “Mooney” Giancana;[14] Giancana had a long working relationship with the CIA.[15]

Sam “Mooney” Giancana may have been mistaken in describing the shooter opposite Nicoletti as Richard Cain rather than Files, or Cain may have been another shooter on the Grassy Knoll. We have already seen that Nicoletti and his driver James Files were shooters. Files said that he saw Richard Cain in Dealey Plaza on the day of the assassination, but he did not know whether or not he was another shooter.[16] Cain had a history of working for the Chicago mob and the Chicago Sheriff’s Department at that same time.[17]

Files and Nicoletti were working independently with no knowledge of other teams, but there is much evidence of other shooters. This is standard in governmental assassination operations. Multiple teams are compiled and many of them operate on a “need to know basis” only. A second team is the one from Lyndon Johnson headed by Mac Wallace. Witnesses saw two men with guns on the 6th floor of the book depository before the shooting and many heard shots coming from the building.[18] There is evidence that one of the men on the 6th floor was Mac Wallace. Wallace’s work truck was seen parked in Dealey Plaza before the assassination,[19] and his fingerprints have been found on one of the boxes that made up the sniper’s nest on the 6th floor of the book depository.[20] Further evidence comes from the confessed gunman Loy Factor, a Native-American who said that Mac Wallace recruited and paid him to be a shooter on the 6th floor of the Book Depository. Like Files, he also gave a believable testimony, but he clearly obfuscated on some points, for instance denying that he actually fired any shots, but was still paid $10,000. He also placed Lee Harvey Oswald on the 6th floor as one of the shooters.[21] Mac Wallace was a convicted murderer who was lightly punished by the Texas criminal justice system at the behest of Lyndon Baines Johnson.[22] After this he became Johnson’s hit man and killed U.S. Department of Agriculture investigator Henry Marshall in 1961.[23] Marshall was killed because his findings were going to show Johnson’s corrupt financing, creating a scandal that would ruin the then powerful senator.

Since Mac Wallace was the coordinator of the team on the 6th floor, I now believe that Johnson had more than just foreknowledge of the plot, but that he was a co-conspirator. There is much corroborating evidence. Barr McClellan, an attorney that worked in the law firm that handled all of Johnson's business, has written that two top attorneys in the firm admitted that Ed Clark, the head of the firm, organized the assassination of Kennedy.[24] I have written about the other corroborating witnesses in a previous post: Jack Ruby, E. Howard Hunt, Billy Sol Estes, Madeleine Brown, and Robert Morrow.[25]

From the Files testimony, there is no accounting for the wound in Kennedy’s neck. But because of it we know another shot hit Kennedy from the front some where on the Grassy Knoll. There were two men on the side of the road in front of the book depository, one with an umbrella that he kept moving up and down and another with a portable communication device in his pocket. At one point the umbrella was pointed at Kennedy and it could have been a hidden gun that shot Kennedy in the neck. These men have never been successfully identified even in the 1978 investigation.[26] The third shooting team included New Orleans mobster Charles Harrelson, a convicted mob hit man who confessed to being a shooter while serving time in prison (he later denied the confession).[27] Harrelson is pictured in the famous “tramp” photos, so we know he was in Dealey Plaza on November 22, 1963.[28] Harrelson was detained by the police when they found him hiding in a railroad car behind the Grassy Knoll.[29] He could have easily moved to the railroad car after shooting Kennedy in the neck from somewhere around the Grassy Knoll. According to the Giancana biography, one of the hit teams included “two of [New Orleans mob boss Carlos] Marcello’s men, Charles Harrelson and Jack Lawrence.”[30] I have found nothing to suggest that Jack Lawrence was there, but we have the photos of Charles Harrelson in Dealey Plaza. The FBI has reported that Carlos Marcello’s New Orleans mafia were a part of the assassination. Marcello’s own brother Joseph said to an FBI informer, “We took care of them, didn’t we?”[31]

We have more evidence of Harrelson being in Dealey Plaza, the testimony of Chauncey Holt who worked for years as a false records man for the CIA and the mafia. Men posing as Secret Service agents deflected many people who ran up the Grassy Knoll right after the shooting, including police officers.[32] Chauncey Holt has confessed to being the man who made and delivered a variety of false identifications including some Secret Service identifications and lapel pins to Dealey Plaza, placing them in a pick-up truck parked there.[33] Holt was one of the tramps in the famous tramp photos, often mistaken for E. Howard Hunt.[34] The other two men in the photos were Charles Rogers and Charles Harrelson,[35] the convicted New Orleans mob hit man. We do not know what Roger’s role was, but he had a CIA and mob background and both he and Harrelson were found hiding in the train with CIA mobster Chauncey Holt. Holt did not see them in Dealey Plaza, but met them when he went to hide in the railroad car as instructed. He did not ask them what they were there for and also did not know what they were doing because everything was on a “need-to-know basis.”[36]

Holt drove out to Dallas with: James J. Canty, a CIA and mafia pilot; Leo Moceri, another mobster; and Charles Nicoletti, the mafia hit man that was in the Dal Tex Building. They were funded by Phillip A. Twombley, who at that time owned the Bank of America and also worked for the CIA.[37] Holt delivered false documents for Rolando Otero, Rolando Masferrer, Charles Harrelson, Richard Montoya, Carlos Morales, Aldo Vera Seraphin and Orlando Bosch. According to Holt the documents were “to be distributed by Homer Echevarria.”[38] These men lead us to the fourth shooting team, the one containing two of [Florida mob boss Santos] Trafficante’s Cuban exile ‘friends.”[39] These are all anti-Castro, anti-communist Cuban exiles who worked extensively with the CIA in covert operations against Cuba in the years before the assassination. According to a Secret Service investigation done right after the assassination, Echevarria had said before the hit that they were going “to take care of Kennedy.” The local Secret Service branch in Chicago opened an investigation regarding Echevarria, but the FBI ordered them to shut it down.[40] Also, according to Robert Morrow, Rolando Masferrer coordinated the Trafficante hit team.[41] Like James Files, Masferrer worked for both the mafia and the CIA, helping the CIA set up Oswald ahead of time.[42]

Long time Communist Cuban spy chief Fabian Escalante has divulged sources that help us to have a good idea who the shooters were. He presents evidence that Eladio del Valle Gutierrez nicknamed “Yito” and Sandalio Herminio Diaz Garcia were shooters. The deduction that Yito was a shooter is supported by the news of “his trip to Dallas in November 1963,” and “his manifest aversion to the president, whom he blamed for the very existence of the Cuban revolution; the fact that he was an expert shot; his post-crime bragging of having eliminated the obstacle to attacking Cuba; and the excessive quantity of money he handled after the assassination.”[43] Eladio del Valle’s bragging earned him an early demise. During New Orleans Attorney General Jim Garrison’s famous 1967 investigation into the assassination of JFK he wanted to question Yito because of his relationship with David Ferrie, but before he could, del Valle was brutally murdered in Miami.[44] More evidence we have is that del Valle told Robert Morrow ahead of time that Kennedy was going to be assassinated.[45] One source told Cuban intelligence that Herminio Diaz “was in Dallas with Eladio del Valle, anticipating an unspecified ‘important event.”[46] Antonio Cuesta, a Cuban exile who Cuban intelligence took prisoner, “affirmed that Herminio Diaz and Eladio del Valle were part of the Kennedy Assassination operation.”[47] There is some evidence among Kennedy researchers that some shots came from the top of the Dallas Records Building. If these two were really a shooting team, it seems that this is the only place left for them to have been.

The Giancana biography relates the initial meetings planning for the assassination. According to Chuck Giancana after the initial meeting, “Mooney said that [Johnny] Roselli met ‘several times’ with members of the original group as well as the CIA’s Frank Fiorini [aka Frank Sturgis].[48] We have court produced records from 1985 which show CIA contract agents Frank Sturgis, Marita Lorenz, Jerry Patrick Hemming, Pedro Diaz Lanz, and the Novo brothers, Guillermo and Ignacio, driving out from Miami with guns on November 21, 1963, one day before the assassination. There they were met at a motel and Sturgis was paid money by E. Howard Hunt for the “operation.”[49] The same court record also disclosed that these CIA came from a “safe house” in Miami in which at one time resided CIA Alexander Rorke Jr. and infamous Cuban exile Orlando Bosch (remember Chauncey Holt made and delivered a fake ID for Bosch).[50] Marita Lorenz left Dallas before she could be used as a decoy in the plot and she was afterwards chided by Frank Sturgis that she had missed, “The Really big one. We killed the president that day. You could have been a part of it—you know, part of history. You should have stayed. It was safe. Everything was covered in advance. No arrest, no real newspaper investigation. It was all covered, very professional.”[51] This would seem to be the support team for the Florida mob shooting team, led by none other than long time Latin American covert operation specialist E. Howard Hunt.

E. Howard Hunt, long time CIA officer of Watergate infamy, made confessions of his part in the conspiracy in 2004 before he died (now on the internet). This was after he had denied his involvement for 44 years. He implicated Bill Harvey in the plot in the chain of command listing him above the “French gunman on the grassy knoll.” Bill Harvey was the CIA officer who oversaw ZR/RIFLE (the CIA’s program to assassinate national leaders) and he had a long history of working with mafia criminals trying to assassinate Castro. Hunt also worked with the mafia and offered Sam Giancana a contract in January of 1968 to kill Martin Luther King. Giancana turned it down.[52] Hunt was a master propagandist for the CIA[53] and his admitted presence in Dealey Plaza would have been to facilitate the mass deception that took place, and not as he claimed one of the three famous pictured hobos and a “bench warmer.”[54] Hunt’s testimony was most likely what the CIA call a “limited hang-out” designed to disclose some facts of an operation with a blown cover, but mixed with lies to continue to misdirect and deceive.

Both Hunt and Robert Morrow name Michael Mertz as a French Corsican mobster who was a shooter. I now believe that this is false, part of Hunt’s disinformation picked up by Morrow when he wrote his book. Researcher Jim Marrs presents much of the information about a possible French Connection to the JFK assassination, [55] but it does not fit with the rest of the evidence, so I am holding it in abeyance.

The shooters had help. Jack Ruby seems to have known about all the different teams because he is mentioned in the confessions of Files and Factor and was seen in Dealey Plaza by many people on the day of the assassination. He gave the false Secret Service identifications and the updated map of the motorcade route to Johnny Roselli the day before the assassination.[56] He helped the Wallace and Factor shooting team in the days before the shooting.[57] He was seen helping men unload guns on the street by the grassy knoll on November 22, 1963 before the assassination.[58] Many people next to the Book Depository building right after the shooting also saw him.[59] And of course millions of Americans saw him murder the decoy patsy, Lee Harvey Oswald, on live television before he could talk to the public or be tried. Ruby was “Mooney’s man in Dallas for years, running strip joints, gambling rackets, and narcotics for the Outfit and running guns…for the CIA.” Ruby was in charge of overseeing the Outfit’s role in the assassination, collaborating in Dallas with the government agents.” Ruby was selected because of his strong contacts with the CIA, and because “his relationships with Dallas law-enforcement officers were unusually good. Since first coming to Texas, true to his Chicago Outfit training, he’d massaged the local cops and politicians, gradually getting to know most on a first-name basis. These friendships, Mooney said, had been extremely useful in overcoming problems ‘with the local cop in the street,’” when Oswald was “unexpectedly captured alive.”[60] Ruby killed Oswald because it was his job to get it done no matter what the consequences. The penalty for failing to get a Mafia job done that exposes the Outfit to prosecution is to be brutally tortured to death.[61]

Another who supported the operation was CIA Tosh Plumlee who has testified that he unwittingly delivered Johnny Roselli on a military airplane the day before the assassination.[62] Robert K. Morrow has admitted to designing and building the communications equipment ahead of time, not knowing what it was going to be used for. Morrow also purchased five Italian Manlicher-Carcano rifles and gave these and the radio transceivers to David Ferrie.[63] It was one of these rifles that was planted on the 6th floor of the Texas School Book Depository to make it look as if Oswald did it.

I have described before how security arrangements in Dealey Plaza were completely dropped before the arrival of the president, promising to provide the names of Secret Service men in this post. Vincent Palamara’s investigation of Kennedy’s security detail included many interviews of the men. He found that Emory Roberts ordered Henry J. Rybka not to jog along side the presidential motorcade at Love Field. Additionally, riding in the follow-up car when the Secret Service men heard shots fired, Roberts ordered them to stay put and not to run to the car.[64] Above Emory Roberts were Forest Sorrels and then Roy Kellerman, and they would have been the men responsible for reducing security in Dealey Plaza. It is almost a foregone conclusion that they were part of the plot. Fletcher Prouty was a black ops man who spent his career in working military intelligence to assist CIA covert operations. He informally investigated the security lapses that made the assassination possible. “According to the Secret Service’s own guidelines…when the motorcade must travel at lower speeds, it is essential that there be protection personnel on the ground, in buildings, and on top of buildings in order to provide needed surveillance…few of the routines were done in Dallas…It is documented that Secret Service men in Fort Worth were told they would not be needed in Dallas. The commander of an army unit, specially trained in protection and based in nearby San Antonio, Texas, had been told he and his men would not be needed in Dallas. ‘Another army unit will cover that city,’ the commander was told. I have worked with military presidential protection units. I called a member of that army unit later. I was told that the commander ‘had offered the services of his unit for protection duties for the entire trip through Texas,’ that he was ‘point-blank and categorically refused by the Secret Service,’ and that ‘there were hot words between the agencies.’”[65]

Many CIA and Cuban exiles seemed to have known about the plot and converged upon Dallas from all over the south in the time before the fateful day. In his confession Hunt also called it “the big event,” and said he “it was a very mobile experience, I was a bench warmer on it.”[66] Indeed it was a mobile event. Jim Garrison made famous the frenzied trip by CIA agent David Ferrie from New Orleans to Houston on November 22. Apparently Ferrie, a pilot, was supposed to provide a getaway flight for two of the assassins, but never hooked up with them.[67] We know from Morrow that at some point he was in possession of the gun used to frame Oswald and the communication equipment used by the signalmen. Ferrie was one of the pilots involved in the Bay of Pigs invasion, a virulent anti-communist who worked at times for the CIA and at times for the Mafia.[68]

On the periphery of the plotting were the host of characters from New Orleans made infamous by the Garrison trial. Garrison managed to gain testimony that Ferrie was involved in a conversation with CIA agent and businessman Clay Shaw in New Orleans in which a plan for the assassination of Kennedy using a three-way crossfire was discussed.[69] Ferrie was a paramilitary organizer and trainer for the Cuban exiles. He may have organized some details. If Clay Shaw was involved he would have helped with funding. He ran businesses that acted as fronts for CIA money.[70] If Ferrie did some organizing then it is likely that other New Orleans anti-communists in the intelligence community were also involved, such as Frank Bannister, Sergio Aracha Smith, and Carlos Quiroga.[71] Garrison was going to try Ferrie for conspiracy to murder the president, but when the investigation became public in 1967, David Ferrie became frantic, and then was found dead under suspicious circumstances before he could be called before the grand jury.

Who directed the shooters? As mentioned before E. Howard Hunt named Lyndon Johnson as the man who “ordered” the assassination. Hunt sketched out a hierarchy with Johnson at the top; he said that Johnson ordered it through Cord Meyer, but there is no other evidence for this, and given Hunt’s history of equivocation, it must be heavily discounted. Below Cord Meyer, Hunt listed CIA officer David Atlee Phillips. There is overwhelming evidence that Phillips coordinated the plot. Phillips was James Files’ CIA controller. When Files arrived in Dallas he called Phillips who sent Lee Harvey Oswald to Files’ hotel room to spend a week with him assisting him in getting to know the city and calibrate some weapons.[72] He was also the CIA controller of Rolando Masferrer.[73]

David Atlee Phillips was in charge of providing some of the details of the cover story about Lee Harvey Oswald being the lone crazed assassin. He made an amazing public mea culpa making this clear in 1977 during a public debate with Mark Lane. Operating from Mexico City, his men constructed false tape recordings and pictures to fabricate a supposed Oswald attempt to defect to Cuba in the months before the assassination. The original intent of the CIA was to blame the assassination on not Oswald the lone crazed assassin, but Oswald the communist supported by Castro so they could finally get their invasion of Cuba.[74] The new President Johnson derailed this fast because he feared that public pressure to invade Cuba might lead to WWIII.

The Giancana biography devoted ten pages to Mooney’s confession of the details of the assassination to his brother Chuck.[75] Being a primary source this is especially valuable because it agrees with other evidence. According to this source Mooney “held an initial meeting with Guy Bannister, Bob Maheu, and former CIA deputy director Charles Cabell, then employed in Maheu’s detective firm. There was also a man Mooney described as a “covert operation specialist” and some top brass in U.S. military intelligence from Asia in attendance.”[76] The “covert operation specialist” was most likely Phillips because he had risen to be the CIA Chief of the Western Hemisphere. His rise was launched because he was so successful in covert operations in Latin America in the years before working on Cuba operations, masterminding the Guatemalan Coup of 1954.

The top U.S. military intelligence man was likely the one man capable of orchestrating the press, the CIA, the army and the Secret Service. Colonel Fletcher Prouty and General Ed Krulak have identified “Colonel” Ed Lansdale as being present in Dealey Plaza on November 22, 1963. He is pictured in the tramp photos.[77] Lansdale cut his teeth using staged events and the press to defeat insurgency and change governments in the Philippines after WWII.[78] He ran covert operations for the CIA in Vietnam in the 1950s and wanted to continue as ambassador in 1961, but was not picked by Kennedy. After the Bay of Pigs, Lansdale headed a new covert operation against Cuba, Operation Mongoose. This is how he came to be in charge of many of the exiles and the CIA who worked with them. Lansdale also had assets in the press and this would explain how the cover story of Lee Harvey Oswald being the one lone shooter was so quickly and widely disseminated. Kennedy was going to dismantle Operation Mongoose after he promised never to invade Cuba again. This would have put Lansdale firmly in the camp of the CIA anti-communists who hated Kennedy.[79] Morrow puts Ferrie as the mastermind of the plot,[80] but he wasn’t even in Dallas on November 22, 1963 and was only a contract agent of the CIA. Lansdale was high up as an officer in the CIA and he was much better qualified and positioned to manage the Secret Service, the military and the press.

Guy Bannister and Bob Maheu were ex-FBI who worked with the CIA, the Cuban exiles and the mob in strident anti-communist activities. Jim Garrison uncovered evidence that Bannister was part of the plot, primarily involved with the task of “sheep dipping” Oswald: preparing him to be the set up patsy to take the fall for the murder.[81] He must have been working under the direction of David Atlee Phillips. Maheu worked for the CIA helping connect them to the mob for assassinations.[82] Retired General Charles Cabell was the second highest-ranking leader of the CIA fired by Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs. He was actively working to undermine President Kennedy by the end of April, 1961.[83] He was also brother of the 1963 mayor of Dallas Earle Cabell. According to Giancana, “The nuts and bolts planning had involved some of the top people on the Dallas police force…Earle Cabell was…the man responsible for citywide security, the mayor provided the police protection of the presidential motorcade…’They made sure it was so loose down there on the day of the hit, shit, a four year-old could’ve nailed Jack Kennedy.’”[84] This should not surprise anyone who has read about the criminally gross irregularities in the conduct of the Dallas Police investigations of the Kennedy assassination.

Also according to Chuck Giancana, “Mooney said that the entire conspiracy went ‘right up to the top of the CIA.’ He claimed that some of its former and present leaders were involved, as well as a ‘half dozen fanatical right-wing Texans, Vice President Lyndon Johnson, and the Bay of Pigs Action Officer under Eisenhower, Richard Nixon.” This is more corroboration that Johnson ordered the plot. “Mooney said both ‘Richard Nixon and Lyndon Johnson knew about the whole damned thing,’ having met with him several times in Dallas immediately prior to the assassination.”[85] This is reminiscent of the famous meeting at Clint Murchison’s house the night before the assassination related by Madeleine Duncan Brown. A prominent “former leader” of the CIA was Allen Dulles, the Director of the CIA, fired by Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs.

Hunt said that “LBJ…designated Cord Meyer” in the CIA to launch the conspiracy, but no other assassination researcher has indicated that Lyndon Johnson ordered the plot through Cord Meyer. As I wrote earlier, Hunt is likely employing a limited hangout. It seems more likely that Johnson would have ordered the plot through Richard Helms, Deputy Director of the CIA at the time. Tracy Barnes was the CIA officer in charge of Robert Morrow and according to Morrow,[86] he seemed to know quite a bit about the assassination after the fact and he worked directly under Helms.

According to the Giancana biography normal CIA funds were not used, but the money had come “from wealthy right-wing Texas oilmen.” Mooney was in the oil business with “Syd Richardson, H.L. Hunt, Clint Murchison,”[87] and all of these men were big financial supporters of Lyndon Johnson and they hated JFK. Hunt funded a “non-profit” that spent millions on right-wing propaganda through front companies.[88] On the day Kennedy arrived he covertly funded a full page newspaper political attack add called “Welcome, Mr. Kennedy,” made to look like an obituary with the border in black.[89] Hunt’s special assistant, John W. Currington, has stated publicly that he believes Hunt was behind the conspiracy.[90] Again, Murchison hosted the party with Johnson, Nixon, Hunt and Richardson in attendance where they had a closed inner meeting the night before the assassination. Coming out of the meeting, Lyndon Johnson told his mistress, “After tomorrow those goddamn Kennedys will never embarrass me again—that’s no threat—that’s a promise.”[91] In light of Giancana’s story, it is likely that these were the men who supplied the money to pay all the mafia men involved.

I have omitted many details here in order to make this a single blog post. I encourage readers to get the sources and read the stories, especially The Men on the Sixth Floor, and Files on JFK. These books give lengthy transcripts of taped interviews. The 10-page section of Double Cross referenced in this paper is also a must read.




[1] Groden, Robert J. The Killing of a President: The Complete Photographic Record of the JFK Assassination, the Conspiracy, and the Cover-Up (New York: Viking Penguin, 1993) 18-42. This is a great summary of the different shots complete with pictures.
[2] Sam and Chuck Giancana, Double Cross: The Explosive, Inside Story of the Mobster Who Controlled America (New York: Warner Books, 1992), 465-466.
[3] View image at http://www.members.optushome.com.au/tnorth/badgeman2.jpg.
[4] View image at http://www.jfk-online.com/100smoke.jpg.
[5] Jim Marrs, Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1989) 17-29.
[6] Dankbaar, Wim. Files on JFK: Interviews with Confessed Assassin James E. Files, and more New Evidence of the Conspiracy that killed JFK (Chicago: Independent Publishers Group, 2007) 43-68, 74-79, 166-235, 502-564.
[7] Ibid, 48-49.
[8] Ibid, 80-81.
[9] Ibid, 37, 38, 49.
[10] Ibid, 47-48.
[11] Ibid, 521.
[12] Marrs, 337-339.
[13] Bob Goodman, Triangle of Fire (San Jose, California: Laquerian Publishing Co., 1993), 215-218.
[14] Dankbaar, 55-56.
[15] Giancana, 301-304, 360-362, 406-409, 418-419, 431-441.
[16] Dankbaar, 208.
[17] Giancana, 464, 466.
[18] Marrs, 20-29.
[19] Madeleine Duncan Brown, Texas in the Morning: The Love Story of Madeleine Brown and President Lyndon Baines Johnson, (Baltimore: The Conservatory Press, 1997), 84.
[20] John Kelin, “JFK Breakthrough?” Fair Play Issue 23, July-August 1998, accessed on December 12, 2009 at http://spot.acorn.net/jfkplace/09/fp.back_issues/23rd_Issue/breakthru.html.
[21] Glen Sample and Mark Collum. The Men on the Sixth Floor, 3rd Ed. (Garden Grove, California: Sample Graphics, 2003), 29-35, 46-74.
[22] Ibid, 90-94.
[23] Ibid, 123.
[24] Barr McClellan, Blood, Money & Power: How LBJ Killed JFK (New York: Hannover House, 2003) 9-11.
[25] See William J. Zeman, “Did Lyndon Johnson Order the Assassination of John Kennedy?” at http://williamjzeman.blogspot.com/2009/04/did-lyndon-johnson-order-assassination.html.
[26] Marrs, 30-33.
[27] Ibid, 333-337.
[28] See http://www.jfkmurdersolved.com/lois1.htm for a scientific analysis of the photos and an identification of who the three men were.
[29] Dankbaar, 161.
[30] Giancana, 465-466.
[31] Anthony Summers, Conspiracy: The Definitive Book on the J.F.K. Assassination (New York: Paragon House, 1989), 503.
[31] Marrs, 277-278.
[32] Ibid, 319-325.
[33] Dankbaar, 156-165
[34] View image at http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKharrelson.gif.
[35] Dankbaar, 31.
[36] Ibid, 160-163.
[37] Ibid, 142-155.
[38] Ibid, 156, 160.
[39] Giancana, 465-466.
[40] Marrs, 150.
[41] Robert D. Morrow, First Hand Knowledge: How I Participated in the CIA-Mafia Murder of President Kennedy, (New York: S.P.I. Books, 1992), 188-191, 204.
[42] Ibid, 242, 249-254.
[43] Fabian Escalante, JFK: The Cuba Files, The Untold Story of the Plot to Kill Kennedy, (Melbourne: Ocean Press, 2006), 164.
[44] Marrs, 503.
[45] Morrow, 232-233.
[46] Escalante, 166.
[47] Ibid.
[48] Giancana, 464.
[49] Mark Lane, Plausible Denial: Was the CIA Involved in the Assassination of JFK? (New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1991), 288-300.
[50] Ibid, 301.
[51] Ibid, 303.
[52] William Pepper, Orders to Kill: The Truth Behind the Murder of Martin Luther King (New York: Carroll & Graff, 1995), 145-147.
[53] Frances Stonor Saunders. The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (New York: The New Press, 2000) 87, 246-247, 293-295.
[54] “E. Howard Hunt JFK Confession Videotape Interview,” in “Landmark E. Howard Hunt JFK Confession Video Tape Ignored,” by Paul Joseph Watson, Prison Planet Friday, October 24, 2008, http://www.prisonplanet.com/landmark-e-howard-hunt-jfk-confession-video-tape-ignored.html, accessed on 09/11/09.
[55] Marrs, 202-209.
[56] Dankbaar, 47.
[57] Sample and Collum, 21, 37-38, 55-58, 154-157.
[58] Brown, 18-19.
[59] Marrs, 324-325.
[60] Giancana, 460-461.
[61] Ibid, 460.
[62] Danbaar, 109-132.
[63] Morrow, 204-207.
[64] Vincent Palamara, “History Corrected 35 Years Later by Primary Sources,” JFK Lancer President John F. Kennedy Latest News and Research, August 21, 1998 accessed on December 13, 2009 at http://www.jfklancer.com/LNE/limo.html; see the movie of this action at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY02Qkuc_f8.
[65] L. Fletcher Prouty, JFK, the CIA, Vietnam and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy (New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1992), 293-294.
[66] Hunt Interview by Watson.
[67] Jim Garrison, On the Trail of Assassins: My Investigation and Prosecution of the Murder of President Kennedy (New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1988), 6-8, 120-121.
[68] Marrs, 501.
[69] Ibid, 509.
[70] Ibid, 498-500.
[71] James DiEugenio, Destiny Betrayed: JFK, Cuba and the Garrison Case (New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1992), 131.
[72] Dankbaar, 46-47, 172, 191, 206-207, 211-212, 513, 517, 527-528
[73] Morrow, 242.
[74] Lane, 75-87.
[75] Giancana, 458-468.
[76] Ibid, 463.
[77] View the photos and Prouty’s writings at http://www.prouty.org/. Prouty is a primary source for the inner operations of Army Special Operations in the 1950s and 1960s.
[78] William Blum, Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since WWII (Maine: Common Courage Press, 1995), 41-44.
[79] See Prouty, 31-41, 54-69, 104-106, 165-167, 273-275 for a background on Lansdale.
[80] Morrow, 188-193.
[81] Garrison, 4-5, 24-27, 30-32, 34-44, 58, 62, 72, 97, 113, 134, 179-180, 186, 278.
[82] Morrow, 25, 29, 42, 146, 165-166, 169, 197-218
[83] Ibid, 75.
[84] Giancana, 465.
[85] Ibid, 464-465.
[86] Morrow, 237-239.
[87] Giancana, 462.
[88] Joachim Joesten, Oswald: Assassin or Fall Guy (New York: Marzani & Munshell Publishers, 1964), 148-150.
[89] Summers, 2; See the add at http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/mrkennedy.htm.
[90] Marrs, 277-278.
[91] See William J. Zeman, “Did Lyndon Johnson Order the Assassination of John Kennedy?” at http://williamjzeman.blogspot.com/2009/04/did-lyndon-johnson-order-assassination.html.

Friday, June 18, 2010

Research in Progress

Well it is summer time and my teaching load is down and I am busy at work with my ongoing research of the Kennedy Assassination as well as my old project US Covert Intervention in Iraq, 1958-1963.

I need to look at a few more books before I give the post giving all the names of those involved in the assassination of Kennedy. I can tell you that I now believe that Lyndon Baines Johnson had more than just foreknowledge of the plot, but that he co-conspired with disaffected CIA. Barr McClellan was an attorney that worked in the law firm that handled all of Johnson's business and he has testified that a top attorney in the firm admitted organzing the assassination of Kennedy. His book was not in my prviously posted bibliography so here is the entry:

McClellan, Barr. Blood, Money & Power: How LBJ Killed JFK. New York: Hannover House, 2003.

This witness combined with the fingerprint of Mac Wallace (Johnson's hatchett man) on one of the boxes from the Book Depository and the testimony of Loy Factor in Glen Sample's book The Men on the Sixth Floor, and Madelline Brown's, Jack Ruby's, and E. Howard Hunt's testimony all provide primary source evidence for the science of history that Lyndon Johnson ordered the death of John F. Kennedy. Details later.

Regarding CIA intervention in Iraq from 1958 to 1963, I have made dozens of Freedom of Information requests with the CIA and the National Archives. I am still waiting for a reply on most of them, but I did get back some early fruit. The Komer to Kennedy Memo from Feb. 8, 1963 has been fully declassified as of this May 2010. It did say, as many of us reasoned, "CIA had." This is further proof that the CIA provided material support for the 1963 Coup in Iraq that put Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party in power for the first time. If anyone wants to see the PDF file showing both the previous classification and the newly declassified document click this link:
http://docs.google.com/fileview?id=0Bwk-oiHeEQzzMTMwYmUzYWQtZWY0ZS00ODYyLWE0NzQtMzU4MTRlMTRmMjdh&hl=en

I have most of the post with the names of the Kennedy Assassination conspirators written. As I said, I just need to look at a few more books, write a little more and then I will post it.

Wednesday, January 6, 2010

Conspiracy History Bibliography

I have not forgotten my promise to post the names of those who were part of the assassination of Kennedy. It is taking me a very long time to research it and to be thorough. I have to balance this with my other duties. In case any of you want to start reading my sources I am posting a bibliography today. I have included a great book I recently read on the Martin Luther King assassination. It was writen by one of King's lawyers, William Pepper and he thoroughly proves that King was killed by the government also. For recomendations as to which books to select, ask me in comments or email. I would also welcome any recomendations on books I have missed that you think should be included in this bibliography.

U.S. CONSPIRACY HISTORY BIBLIOGRAPHY

Brown, Madeleine Duncan. Texas in the Morning: The Love Story of Madeleine Brown and President Lyndon Baines Johnson. Baltimore: The Conservatory Press, 1997.

DiEugenio, James. Destiny Betrayed: JFK, Cuba, and the Garrison Case. New York: Sheridan Press, 1992.

Furiati, Claudia. ZR Rifle: The Plot to Kill Kennedy and Castro, 2nd Ed. Translated by Maxine Shaw. Melbourne, Australia: Ocean Press, 1994.

Garrison, Jim. On the Trail of the Assassins: My Investigation and Prosecution of the Murder of President Kennedy. New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1988.

Goodman, Bob. Triangle of Fire. San Jose, California: Laquerian Publishing Co., 1993.

Groden, Robert J. The Killing of a President: The Complete Photographic Record of the JFK Assassination, The Conspiracy, and the Cover-Up. New York: Viking Studio Books, 1993.

Joesten, Joachim. The Case Against Lyndon B. Johnson in the Assassination of President Kennedy. Europe: Self Published, 1967.

__________. Oswald: Assassin or Fall Guy? New York: Marzani & Munsell Publishers Inc., 1964.

Lifton, David S. Best Evidence: Disguise and Deception in the Assassination of John F Kennedy. New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1982.

Lane, Mark. Rush to Judgment: A Critique of the Warren Commission’s Inquiry into the Murders of President John F. Kennedy, Officer J. D. Tippit and Lee Harvey Oswald. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966.

_________. A Citizen’s Dissent: Mark Lane Replies. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1968.

_________. Plausible Denial: Was the CIA Involved in the Assassination of JFK? New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1991.

Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy. New York: Carroll & Graf Publisheres, 1989.

Morrow, Robert D. Firsthand Knowledge: How I Participated in the CIA – Mafia Murder of President Kennedy. New York: Shapolsky Publishers, 1992.

Noyes, Peter. Legacy of Doubt: Startling New Evidence about the JFK and RFK Deaths. New York: Pinnacle Books, 1973.

Pepper, William F. Orders to Kill: The Truth Behind the Murder of Martin Luther King. New York: Carroll & Graff Publishers Inc., 1995.

Prouty, L. Fletcher. JFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy. New York: Birch Lane Press, 1992.

__________. The Secret Team: The CIA and its Allies in Control of the United States and the World. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1973.

Sample, Glenn & Collum, Mark. The Men on the Sixth Floor, 3rd Ed. Garden Grove, California: Sample Graphics, 2003.

Thompson, Josiah. Six Seconds in Dallas: A Micro-Study of the Kennedy Assassination. New York: Bernard Geis Associates, 1967.

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Did Lyndon Johnson order the Assassination of John Kennedy?

I recently read Madeline Duncan Brown’s autobiography, Texas in the Morning, about being Lyndon Baines Johnson’s mistress. Published in 1997, this book has been difficult to get and yet there is a high demand for it; it is a collectible and a good copy goes for $200, a reading copy for $100. I had a hard time finding the book; there was only one on Cal Poly’s entire intra-library loan network and it was checked out when I first found it. She had help writing it and so the prose is well done; she comes across as a credible witness regarding the inner workings of high Texas society, but she makes factual errors when she comments on national history or politics. There is also an hour and a half interview with Brown on the Internet at http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-6962062879996612313

I am still looking into whether or not Lyndon Baines Johnson ordered the plot to assassinate John F. Kennedy and so I was interested to read that Madeline Brown “attended a social” at rich oilman Clint Murchison’s home on November 21, 1963, the night before the assassination. It was a tribute to honor the long time head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, J. Edgar Hoover who was present along with his companion and assistant Clyde Tolson and many other elites including Richard Nixon, John McCloy, H.L. Hunt and of course Lyndon Johnson.

As soon as Johnson arrived he went “behind closed doors” with many of the important men. “A short time later Lyndon, anxious and red-faced, reappeared…Squeezing my hand so hard it felt crushed from the pressure, he spoke with a grating whisper—a quiet growl into my ear not a love message, but one I’ll always remember: ‘After tomorrow those goddamn Kennedys will never embarrass me again—that’s no threat—that’s a promise.”[1]

Johnson was too busy to meet privately with Brown for one of their regular intimate sessions but he called her the next morning.

"It was evident that the tone of fury in his voice from last night had not dissipated. I had barely eked out the words, “About last night…” when his rage virtually went ballistic. His snarling voice jolted me as never before—“That son-of-a-bitch crazy Yarborough and that goddamn fucking Irish mafia bastard, Kennedy, will never embarrass me again!”[2]

A little while later she was on the phone with Jesse Kellam the manager of the Johnson family’s TV and radio station and also close confidant of Lyndon. Another of Kellam’s functions was to arrange meetings between Brown and Johnson. After making arrangements with Brown for a very brief sexual liaison with her lover she said, “Jesse, for any time I have with Lyndon, I’m grateful.’ Jesse added, ‘Lyndon is in a terrible mood, screaming about the Kennedys. All he can say is, ‘Those goddamn Kennedys will never embarrass me again after today.’” Brown assured Kellam that she knew this but that “after my fifteen minutes with him, he’ll love the world!”[3]

This account of Johnson before the assassination shows that he was quite animated with the foreknowledge of President Kennedy’s imminent demise. Johnson obviously knew about the assassination ahead of time and he worked himself up in anger over his previous humiliations to help himself rationalize his part in the crime. What exactly was said at the closed meeting at Murchison’s house the night before? It seems implausible that the upcoming assassination was talked openly of in this meeting because in her Internet interview Brown lists many people who were in the meeting room: George W. Owens, John Currington, John J. McCloy, P. Charles Cabal, J. Edgar Hoover, George Brown, Richard Nixon, Amin Carter Jr., Earl Cabal, John Connolly, R. L. Thornton, Joe Yarlborough, W. O. Bangston, Clint Peoples, Bill Decker, Cliff Carter, Mac Wallace, Carlos Marcello, Joe Civello, Jack Ruby, Larry Campbell, Clint Murchison, H. L. Hunt, R. L. Sheffield.[4]

It makes the most sense to me that nothing was said openly about the assassination in that room. I find it hard to believe that both John Connolly, wounded in the front seat of Kennedy’s car, and Joe Yarlborough were also told of the impending assassination, and much less all these people. Remember, all we know is what Johnson said to Brown and Kellam after the meeting. Maybe Johnson found out about the assassination before the meeting, but something said in the meeting or shortly before put it on his mind. Maybe he ordered the plot and was just getting worked up as the time neared. Robert D. Morrow, former contract agent for the CIA wrote:

"It was from his good friend Hoover that Richard Nixon learned of the pending assassination. Interestingly, on the eve of the assassination, Hoover and Nixon attended a meeting together at the Dallas home of oil-baron Clint Murchison. Among the subjects discussed at this meeting were the political futures of Hoover and Nixon in the event President Kennedy was assassinated."[5]

So, perhaps there was a smaller meeting inside the room including Nixon, Hoover and Johnson. Morrow is not clear and he does not give his source for this information, but in his book he confesses to his part in the assassination and gives many details from first hand knowledge. I will source him more when I finally deliver my promised post where I will detail all the names of the involved in the plot and what their roles were.

Did Johnson order the plot or was he just privy to the plan? Even if he did not order it, he is guilty of knowing about it and not stopping it, even looking forward to it with relish. There is evidence that he did order the plot. Jack Ruby wrote while in prison that Johnson ordered the assassination.[6] E. Howard Hunt of Watergate fame made death-bed confessions to his son Saint John Hunt in 2007, in which he admitted his part in the plot and said that Johnson ordered the plot through long time CIA Cord Meyer.[7] Another man of Watergate fame, the attorney Douglass Caddy became the lawyer of Bille Sol Estes (Johnson’s business crony who made him illegal money) and wrote the Justice Department in 1984, in which he said that his client (Estes) was willing to testify that Johnson ordered the murder of JFK as well as many other people investigating Estes’ misdeeds.[8] Many people who threatened Johnson’s political career in Texas were murdered over the years, especially relating to the Estes scandal. Madeline Duncan Brown puts the count at 17 or 18.[9]

She relates one incident when her long time African-American nanny Dale Turner caught a glimpse of she and Johnson hugging in a hotel room with the door open. Johnson saw Dale see them and told Brown, “I’ll have Ragsdale replace her on Monday.” Despite Brown’s pleading Turner left work a few days later and never returned. Brown wrote that Turner, “disappeared without a trace. The boys cried for days. I notified the police, telephoned her family and friends—all to no avail. To this day, I have not seen or heard from Dale Turner. Never.”[10] In her 2006 interview she said that she believed Johnson had had her killed.

Shortly after the assassination, Madeleine Brown asked Lyndon Johnson why he sealed the records for 75 years. “He smiled his little boy smile and said humorously, ‘Remember Box 13?”[11] This of course was a reference to the 1948 senatorial election in Texas that was stolen for Johnson. It is interesting that Johnson compared the Kennedy Assassination to the stolen election of 1948. In the 1948 senate election, the vote was close and Johnson made frantic phone calls to the powerful South Texas political boss George Parr. Parr ordered the local election judge to make a vote “correction,” which threw the election to Johnson by only 87 votes. There was a long legal battle and the facts remained murky until the election judge, Luis Salas, confessed to doing it in court in 1977.[12] In this case, Johnson did not himself do the dirty deed, but he certainly pressured for it and in effect ordered it down through a political chain of command. So when Johnson answered Brown, “Remember Box 13,” was he saying to her that he ordered the Kennedy Assassination, but it was done by people way down below him in the authority chain?

Johnson was working against the Kennedys and in cooperation with the CIA from early in the Kennedy administration. Robert Morrow relates an incident in which he was shown a memo from Johnson to top CIA official Charles Cabal warning the CIA about Kennedy’s plan to replace them with the Defense Intelligence Agency after the Bay of Pigs disaster in April of 1961.[13] All through his vice presidential days, Johnson made regular reports to the CIA after his daily trips to the White House on the way to his office.

The threats to Kennedy’s life were well known to many people. All the democrats from Texas warned him against going to Dallas. Johnson was the only exception. He pushed hard for it.[14] Johnson had the most to gain from Kennedy’s death. In addition to retaining the presidency he could head off the Bobby Baker investigation that was on going in the Senate, which was sure to implicate him in corruption scandals with the mafia. It was a well known fact that the Kennedys were going to use this scandal as an excuse to drop him from the vice president position on the 1964 election ticket.[15]

Did Lyndon Baines Johnson order the assassination of President John F. Kennedy? You have read the evidence I have found. You decide. I would very much appreciate more evidence about this if any of you have it. My next post will be about who was part of the plot and what were their roles.

[1] Madeleine Duncan Brown, Texas in the Morning: The Love Story of Madeleine Brown and President Lyndon Baines Johnson, (Baltimore: The Conservatory Press, 1997), 166.
[2] Ibid, 167.
[3] Ibid.
[4] Robert Gaylon Ross Sr. interview with Madeleine Duncan Brown, August 31, 2006 at http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-6962062879996612313.
[5] Robert D. Morrow, First Hand Knowledge: How I Participated in the CIA-Mafia Murder of President Kennedy, (New York: S.P.I. Books, 1992), 195n.
[6] Jim Marrs, Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graff Publishers, 1989), 430-431.
[7] Saint John Hunt, Bond of Secrecy, (Self Published, 2008), 51-54. Available on the web at http://www.saintjohnhunt.com/.
[8] Glen Sample and Mark Collom, The Men on the Sixth Floor, (Garden Grove, CA: Sample Graphics, 2003), 165-170.
[9] Gaylon interview with Brown.
[10] Brown, 133-134, 136-137.
[11] Ibid, 186.
[12] Marrs, 291-292.
[13] Morrow, 76-77.
[14] Joachim Joesten, The Case Against Lyndon B. Johnson in the Assassination of President Kennedy, (Europe: Self Published,1967), 33-48.
[15] See Joesten, 22-27 for details Johnson’s vulnerability in the Bobby Baker scandal.

Saturday, January 31, 2009

WHO?? Killed President Kennedy

Still working on this topic of exactly who ordered and plotted the death of John F. Kennedy, I recently read JFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy by retired army Colonel Fletcher Prouty. You may know him from the Oliver Stone movie, "JFK." He was played by Donald Sutherland as the unnamed man from army "Black Operations" that briefed Jim Garrison played by Kevin Costner and challenged him with the question of "why" Kennedy was killed.

Prouty includes in his book some of his experiences at and around the time of the JFK assassination and as such he is a valuable primary source. He was in New Zealand at the time of the killing and testifies that the local paper there ran a story within 8 hours of the shooting naming Lee Harvey Oswald as the lone gunman and providing a detailed biographical account of his life.[1] This is primary source evidence that the plotters of the assassination had access to the worldwide press and were able to plant this story ahead of time because it was released before the Dallas police had even charged Oswald with the crime. Congressional investigations and many books have detailed the CIA's ability to manipulate public opinion with the press, so this is further evidence that the plot was a covert operation of the CIA.

Prouty also provides primary source evidence that someone in command of the Secret Service was part of the plot. Prouty relates a phone call he made after the assassination to a member of the army unit in San Antonio specifically trained for protection of the president. The commander was told to "stand down," he was "point blank and categorically refused by the Secret Service." The army has groups like this all over the country that assist the Secret Service by doing lots of the preparatory work in an area when the president is to come. There are many things the Secret Service must do when a president tours in a car at slow speeds. On November 22, 1963 when Kennedy was killed, many of these things were not done: no men were stationed on top of all the buildings, no men were detached to close all the windows in all the nearby buildings, and the sewers were not sealed. As I have written before the route was not standard protocol. Prouty adds to this list of omissions with his story about the instructions to the army unit. The commander “knew Dallas was dangerous” and this is why he had argued with the Secret Service and had to be told to “stand down.” [2]

Prouty is good when he sticks to relating his own experiences, but goes awry with some of his interpretations. He writes extensively about the “nameless High Cabal” that was behind not only the Kennedy’s assassination, but planning the Vietnam War ahead of time, the 1973 Arab Israeli War with the subsequent increase in oil prices, and the 1990 fall of communism among other things. His proof for the 1973 and 1990 events is that he heard them predicted at business conferences. Therefore they were planned? He presents much more information on Vietnam, but still fails to convince me of the theory that the people who ordered the plot also said, “we must kill Kennedy because he will not launch a war in Vietnam.” This was doubtless on a list of many crimes Kennedy had committed in his reluctance to prosecute the Cold War vigorously enough, but I think both Oliver Stone and Fletcher Prouty assign too much causality to Vietnam because they write after the fact of such a traumatic event for our country. Their pie-eyed description of the Kennedy assassination being quietly ordered by a group of powerful bankers meeting for martinis as we read in Prouty[3] or oilmen meeting in a smoke filled room as we see in Stone’s movie does more harm than good for getting the truth out. It allows the suppressors of truth to point at these guys and call them kooks and discount all the rest of the solid evidence they present. If bankers or an oilmen were behind the plot then lets have their names and evidence to prove it.

I want to start doing this in my next posts. I have about five names of Secret Service men that I can document lying, negligence, or other suspicious behavior too in the Kennedy assassination. This may be the topic of my next post.

[1] [1] L. Fletcher Prouty, JFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy, New York: Birch Land Press, 1992, page 306.
[2] Ibid, page 294.
[3] Ibid, pages 344-345.

Sunday, January 18, 2009

Short History of the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy (JFK)

I have now completed alot of reading and per the request of a student of mine, I wanted to post a very short story of the plot to kill JFK. Read my previous post about "CIA Motivation for the Kennedy Assassination," to find out why they wanted to do it. It is clear that the plot was a covert operation of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). It may not have been official, but may have been ordered by the unemployed former Godfather of the CIA, Allen Dulles. That he was involved seems clear and it is probable that under him the men who planned and coordinated the plot were at least Clay Shaw, David Atlee Phillips and maybe some others.[1]

The basics of the plot were to ambush Kennedy while he was touring a southern city in a motorcade. The south was the bedrock of anti-communism and many prominent men in the south openly hated Kennedy; several shady characters predicted his death. The Kennedy team cancelled a motorcade in Miami before the Texas trip because of these security concerns and the plotters may indeed have tried to kill him in Miami earlier if the opportunity had presented itself. After the motorcade in Dallas was planned, for reasons not entirely clear the Secret Service changed the route of the caravan so that it would pass right by Lee Harvey Oswald's place of work at the Texas School Book Depository Building in Dealey Plaza of downtown Dallas. The roads in the plaza were perfect for an ambush because the sharp curves provided many places for snipers to set up easy shots. It was against security protocol to route a presidential motorcade on roads that would cause it to slow down this much and therefore it seems clear that people within the Secret Service were part of the plot.

Lee Harvey Oswald was a intelligence agent who worked for the CIA as well as Navy Intelligence. Oswald had a long-time deep cover pretending to be a communist, but he was actually an anti-communist CIA agent. He was one of about 40 men that Navy Intelligence instructed to do this in the 1950s. He knew many of the CIA in the south wanted to kill Kennedy and knew of the plot, but he did not know that they set him up to be the fall guy and to be framed as the lone crazed communist killer of the president. He was perfect for it because he worked in downtown Dallas and he had done much work to present himself as a communist in the past. The CIA went even further to show him as a communist and sent fake Oswalds to public places using his name and loudly proclaiming communist views.

The killing shots came after the president's car slowed down to make a dog-leg turn in front of the Depository building. The shots came at him from behind a fence past the Depository building atop a grassy knoll. Dozens of witnesses heard the shots come from the fence and many people including police rushed toward it after the shooting with smoke drifting across the knoll from the discharge of the rifle(s) behind. When they got there the plotters had fake Secret Service agents there to present credentials and distract the searchers from themselves. One person took a picture of a shooter dressed as a policeman aiming a gun behind the fence at the time of the shooting. Another witness saw a man rush a rifle to another man dressed as a railroad worker who quickly dismantled the gun and put it in a railroad tool bag and then they both moved rapidly away. (There was a railroad yard behind the fence). The first shot hit Kennedy in the throat and then one hit him in the head blowing his brains out from front to back. There were other shooters hidden around the area. People saw two men through the windows of the sixth floor of the book depository and a couple of witnesses saw one with a gun. Other suspicious people were seen on top of other buildings. People heard 3 to 6 shots and initially there was evidence of all these, but later it was covered up so that the official story only includes three shots all supposedly from the Texas School Book Depository that was behind the president where Oswald worked.

Right after the shooting, plotters planted a gun, a sniper's nest, and spent bullet casings on the sixth floor of the book depository and plotters directed police to the area by reporting that they had seen the assassin up there, but then the "witnesses" disappeared. Lee Harvey Oswald's name was put forth by these plotters as a prime suspect very early and the Dallas police converged on the sixth floor and put out a notice to arrest him very quickly. Some in the Dallas police department may have been part of the plot. Oswald was arrested a few hours later in a movie theatre. Oswald was seen calmly drinking a coke on the second floor of the book depository by a police officer and his boss less than 2 minutes after the shooting . Then he went and took in a movie; clearly not the behavior of a man who had just killed the president.

The vast majority of the people who were there heard and saw evidence that the shooting did not only come from the building where Oswald was working, but they heard shots from the fence by the grassy knoll and saw smoke there. Very quickly though the official story became that Oswald had done it and the plotters altered evidence to make it look as though this was true. Oswald himself denied it, but quickly figured out that his CIA masters had set him up to be the fall guy and stated that "he was a patsy." It was becoming clear that Oswald was going to talk and so CIA agent and mafioso Jack Ruby killed him two days later even while he was being escorted in the basement of the police station by 30 policemen. This has puzzled people and made them suspicious ever since. In the years that Ruby spent in jail after this, he admitted that there was a plot, but never provided much evidence of it. He was CIA and was part of the plot; he was present in Dealey Plaza the day of the shooting. It is unknown why Ruby sacrificed himself to keep the plot quiet; we can only speculate. He said he did it because he loved Kennedy, but he was a known anti-communist and Kennedy hater.

In David Lifton's book Best Evidence, he proves that the plotters shot JFK from the front as well as behind and that Kennedy's body was surgically altered under the control of the Secret Service and/or FBI to make it look like he had been shot only from behind.[2] This fact would seem to indicate to some that the highest levels of the U.S. government would have had to be involved, but it does not prove it nor does Lifton make this claim.

President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered the FBI to make a complete investigation and appointed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Earl Warren to head up a special commission to investigate the slaying. Many anti-communist enemies of Kennedy were appointed to the commission including Allen Dulles and the commission did a large investigation and published a 26 book report that concluded Lee Harvey Oswald assassinated President Kennedy all by himself. The vast amount of evidence that showed this to be impossible was ignored and surpressed and this has caused many people to conclude that the commission purposely covered up the plot from Earl Warren on down. This is not entirely true of every person on the commission, but the most important evidence of the murder (Kennedy's body and the bullets that killed him) were altered so that it appeared that the only weapon that hit him was the one planted on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository. This caused even some objective members of the commission to ignore other contrary evidence like the many witnesses that heard shots and saw smoke come from the grassy knoll.

There is speculation as to how high the plot went in American government. Vice President Johnson stood the most to gain from the assassination. He is clearly guilty of destroying evidence and concealing the plot. Johnson ordered the presidential limousine to be completely cleaned and refurbished in the first three days after the assassination completely destroying evidence including bullet marks in the car. He sent his aid to retrieve and clean the suit of another man who was wounded in Kennedy's car, Texas governor John Connally, making this item useless as evidence. But worst of all, he issued "Executive Order 11652, which locked an immense amount of assassination evidence and documents in the National Archives away from the American public until the year 2039."[3] Johnson's career involved at least two cases where people were murdered who were investigating his corrupt dealings in politics, so it is not hard to speculate that he could have known and approved of the plot; it would have been consistent with his political career.[4]

I will now name some more people involved in the plot and what their functions were. CIA agent and pilot David Ferrie was to provide transportation for the assassins.[5] One of the many men that the plotters had stationed all around Dealey plaza for a multitude of duties to assist the plot was CIA agent Gordon Novel who may have been part of a signal team stationed right on the street.[6] The shooters were almost assuredly selected from the top secret CIA Assassination squad codenamed ZR/RIFLE. CIA Officer William Harvey was the head of the group and so he is probably part of the plot. There is evidence to show that one of the gunmen was long-time French intelligence and ZR/RIFLE team member Michel Roux, codenamed QJ/WIN. Author Steve J. Rivele has written a book called The Murderers of John F. Kennedy, 1988, detailing a "French Connection" of the plotters and naming mafiosos Sauver Pironti, Lucien Sarti, and one Bocognoni as gunmen.[7] This may be my next read. It is well known that the CIA used mafia men for many missions and especially assassanations. Convicted hitman and mafia connected Charles V. Harrelson admitted that he assisted with the shooting and there is evidence to back up his claim.[8] There is abundant evidence naming many more involved in the plot, but they can not all be listed here in a brief history.

The case was tried by New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison from 1967 to 1969; he attempted to convict CIA agent Clay Shaw of Conspiracy to murder President Kennedy, but failed because the public was firmly convinced that the Warren Report was the truth and Shaw had many allies that helped him keep his cover. Also dozens of key witnesses have been murdered or died mysteriously since the plot, including David Ferrie; if Garrison had just some of them he could have won. In 1977 the tireless work of the assassination researchers succeeded in reopening the case in a U.S. House of Representatives investigation called the House Select Committee on Assassinations. Unfortunately, the details of the actual conspiracy are so fantastic that the members of the committee simply did not follow through on the abundant evidence that could have proved it and could have began to bring people to justice. The House investigation did do some very detailed sound tape analysis of the police radio recordings from Dealey Plaza on the day of the assassination and proved that there were multiple shooters and that it could not have been just Lee Harvey Oswald. Therefore the House Committee concluded that there was a conspiracy to kill President Kennedy, but said that there was not enough evidence to prove the details of it - this last part was clearly a cop out. Until this day the facts have not been well publicized and much of the public still believes the false official story of the Warren Report.

All of what I have written is thoroughly documented by numerous assassination researchers who use court room reliable evidence. I have gone light on the footnotes to expedite this to the blog. I will supply any documentation you need if you just ask me; I am big on documentation. If any of you think I missed some important details that should be in a BRIEF history, please post them in the comments. Also please post any disagreements or corrections, especially if you can post direct evidence of high government participation in the plot such as by President Johnson or the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

[1] James DiEugenio, Destiny Betrayed: JFK, Cuba, and the Garrison Case (New York: Sheridan Press, 1992), pages 220-222, 237-238 .
[2]David Lifton, Best Evidence, Disguise and Deception in the Assassination of John F. Kennedy (New York, 1980), passim.
[3] Jim Marrs, Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), page 297.
[4] Ibid, pages 291-295.
[5] DiEugenio, pages 144-145, 27.
[6] Ibid, 135-138
[7] Marrs, pages 202-209.
[8] Ibid, pages 85, 333-337.